Now that the summer is over, it doesn’t mean that gardening season is also over. First, make a simple soil test to determine if the soil’s acidity is still normal and good for your plants. If the soil’s pH is below 6.0, add lime. The proportions are 1 pound of lime to 100 square feet of soil.
Dead plants should be removed but they can be added as part of the compost. However, if the plants experienced disease or pest problems, it is better to discard them to prevent any contamination with the new plants.
Spread compost on the seed bed after removing the weeds. For portions which you will not use, plant them with clover or rye to add nitrogen. If not, you can cover the areas with black plastic.
You can also condition your soil for planting when the next year comes. It will allow you to use lesser fertilizers if done properly. Dead leaves added into the soil help produce sweeter tomatoes. The more there are, the better. Old hay straw can also be used. However, watch out for the seeds.
Compost made from kitchen and garden wastes is also an excellent option. Worm castings are also great. Egg shells add calcium needed by vegetables. Of course, you can also add in animal manure if there is any available nearby.
These techniques can take you some time to prepare and do. However, they make your farming better at a lesser cost when next season begins.